The

Eclectic Materia Medica,

 

Pharmacology and Therapeutics

 

by

 

Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D

 

1922

 

 

 

DEFINITIONS OF THERAPEUTIC TERMS

 

 

 

Acacia, Gum Arabic ~ ACACIA

Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane ~ ACONITUM NAPELLUS

Agar-agar ~ AGAR

Agrimony, Stickwort, Cockleburr ~ AGRIMONIA EUPATORIA

Allspice, Pimento, Jamaica Pepper ~ PIMENTA

American Columbo ~ FRASERA

American Hellebore, Swamp Hellebore, Green Hellebore, Indian Poke ~ VERATRUM VIRIDE

American Ipecac, American Ipecacuanha, Wild Ipecac, Ipecac Spurge ~ EUPHORBIA IPECACUANHA

American Poplar, American Aspen, Quaking Aspen ~ POPULUS TREMULOIDES

American Senna, Wild Senna ~ CASSIA MARILANDICA

American Wormseed, Wormseed ~ CHENOPODIUM

Anise, Aniseed ~ ANISUM Pimpinella anisum

Arbor Vitae, Yellow Cedar, False White Cedar, Tree of Life ~ THUJA

Arnica, Leopard's Bane ~ ARNICA MONTANA

Asafetida, Gum Asafetida ~ ASAFOETIDA Ferula fetida

Balmony, Snakehead, Turtlebloom, Turtlehead ~ CHELONE

Balsam of Peru, Peru Balsam ~ BALSAMUM PERUVIANUM

Barberry, Common Barberry ~ BERBERIS VULGARIS

Barley ~ HORDEUM Hordeum distichon

Balsam Jewel Weed, Balsam Weed, Jewel Weed ~ IMPATIENS

Bayberry, Waxberry, Candle Berry, Wax-Myrtle ~ MYRICA

Bitter Orange, Bigarade Orange, Seville Orange ~ AURANTII AMARI CORTEX

Bitter Root, Canadian Hemp, and improperly, Indian Hemp ~ APOCYNUM CANNABINUM

Bittersweet, Woody Night-Shade, Scarlet-Berry, Violet-Bloom ~ DULCAMARA. Solanum dulcamara

Black Alder, Winterberry ~ PRINOS

Black Ash, Elder-leaved Ash ~ FRAXINUS

Black Haw, Sloe, Sloe-leaved Viburnum, Stag Bush ~ VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM

Black Hellebore, Christmas Rose ~ HELLEBORUS

Black Snakeroot, Black Cohosh, Rattleweed ~ MACROTYS Cimicifuga racemosa

Black Mustard, Brown Mustard ~ SINAPIS NIGRA

Black Willow, Pussy Willow ~ SALIX NIGRA

Blackberry, Low Blackberry, Low-bush-Blackberry ~ RUBUS

Bladder-wrack, Sea Wrack, Kelp-ware, Black-tang ~ FUCUS

Blazing Star, Star Grass, Starwort, False Unicorn root ~ ALETRIS FARINOSA

Bloodroot, Red Puccoon, Puccoon, Indian Paint, Tetterwort ~ SANGUINARIA

Blue Cohosh, Squaw-root, Pappoose-root ~ CAULOPHYLLUM

Blue Flag, Larger Blue Flag, Fleur de Luce ~ IRIS

Boneset, Thoroughwort, Indian Sage, Ague Weed, Through-Stem ~ EUPATORIUM PERFOLIATUM

Buchu, Short Buchu, Long Buchu ~ BUCHU Barosma

Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn ~ FRANGULA Rhamnus frangula

Bugle Weed, Sweet Bugle, Paul's Betony ~ LYCOPUS

Burdock ~ LAPPA Arctium lappa

Burnt Sponge, Spongia Tosta ~ SPONGIA USTA

Butternut, White Walnut ~ JUGLANS CINEREA

Broad Bur-Weed ~ XANTHIUM STRUMARIUM

Broom, Broom Tops, Irish Broom ~ SCOPARIUS

Bryony, Bastard Turnip, Devil's Turnip ~ BRYONIA

Cacao Butter, Oil of Theobroma, Butter of Cacao ~ OLEUM THEOBROMATIS

Calabar Bean, Ordeal Bean, Ordeal Bean of Calabar ~ PHYSOSTIGMA

California Buckthorn, California Coffee Tree ~ RHAMNUS CALIFORNICA

Camphor, Laurel Camphor, Gum Camphor ~ CAMPHORA

Canada Fleabane, Colt's Tail, Pride Weed, Scabious ~ ERIGERON

Canker Lettuce, Shin Leaf, False Wintergreen ~ PYROLA

Caraway, Caraway Seed, Caraway-Fruit ~ CARUM

Cardomom Seeds, Cardamom, Cardamon ~ CARDAMOMI SEMEN

Carob Tree, Caroba, Caaroba ~ JACARANDA

Castor Oil ~ OLEUM RICINI

Catnip, Catmint, Catnep ~ CATARIA

Cayenne Pepper, Guinea Pepper, Red Pepper, African Chillies, Bird Pepper ~ CAPSICUM

Celandine, Great Celandine, Tetterwort ~ CHELIDONIUM

Charcoal, Wood Charcoal ~ CARBO LIGNI

Chaulmoogra, Chaulmugra ~ GYNOCARDIA

Chestnut ~ CASTANEA

Cigar Tree, Bean Tree ~ CATALPA

Cinnamon, Saigon Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon ~ CINNAMOMUM

Cleavers, Goose-Grass, Catch-Weed, Bedstraw ~ GALIUM

Club Moss ~ LYCOPODIUM

Clove, Cloves ~ CARYOPHYLLUS

Coca ~ COCA

Colchicum Corm, Colchicum Seed ~ COLCHICUM

Coffee ~ CAFFEA

Colocynth, Bitter Apple, Bitter Cucumber, Colocynth Pulp ~ COLOCYNTHIS

Coltsfoot ~ TUSSILAGO

Columbo, Colombo, Columba ~ CALUMBA Jateorhiza palmata

Comfrey ~ SYMPHYTUM

Copaiba ~ COPAIBA

Coral Root, Chicken Toe, Crawley, Dragon's Claw ~ CORALLORHIZA

Coriander, Coriander Fruit, Coriander Seed ~ CORIANDRUM

Corn Silk ~ ZEA

Corn Smut, Corn Ergot, Corn Brand ~ USTILAGO

Corn Starch ~ AMYLUM

Cotton-Root Bark, Cotton, Cotton Wool ~ GOSSYPIUM

Couch-Grass, Quick-Grass, Quitch, Dog-Grass ~ TRITICUM Agropyron repens

Cramp Bark, High Cranberry ~ VIBURNUM OPULUS

Cranesbill, Wild Cranesbill, Crowfoot, Spotted Geranium ~ GERANIUM

Croton Oil ~ OLEUM TIGLII

Cubeb, Cubebs ~ CUBEBA

Culver's Root, Black Root, Culver's Physic ~ LEPTANDRA Veronicastrum virginicum

Cundurango, Eagle Vine, Mata-peroo ~ CONDURANGO

Dandelion ~ TARAXACUM

Deadly Nightshade, Dwale,  Belladonna ~ BELLADONNA Atropa belladonna

Deer's Tongue ~ LIATRIS

Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood, Flowering Cornel ~ CORNUS

Duboisine ~ DUBOISINA

Dwarf Elder, Wild Elder, Bristle-stem Sarsaparilla ~ ARALIA HISPIDA

Echinacea angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Coneflower ~ ECHINACEA

Elecampane, Scabwort ~ INULA

Elder, American Elder ~ SAMBUCUS

English Hawthorn, May, Haw, Red Haw, Hawthorn, Thorn ~ CRATAEGUS

Eryngo, Water Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Rattlesnake's Master ~ ERYNGIUM

Eucalyptus Globulus ~ EUCALYPTUS

Evening Primrose, Tree Primrose ~ OENOTHERA

Eyebright ~ EUPHRASIA

Fennel, Fennel Seeds, Sweet Fennel ~ FOENICULUM

Fig ~ FICUS Ficus Carica

Fireweed ~ ERECHTITES

Fishberries, Indian Berries ~ COCCULUS

Flaxseed, Linseed ~ LINUM

Fly Agaric ~ AGARICUS Amanita muscaria

Foxglove, Purple Foxglove ~ DIGITALIS

Fragrant Sumach, Sweet Sumach ~ RHUS AROMATICA

Fringe Tree, Old Man's Beard, Snowdrop Tree ~ CHIONANTHUS

Gambir, Gambeer, Terra Japonica, Pale Catechu ~ GAMBIR

Gamboge, Camboge ~ CAMBOGIA

Garlic ~ ALLIUM SATIVUM

Gelatin ~ GELATINUM

Gentian, Gentian Root ~ GENTIANA

German Chamomile, Wild Chamomile ~ MATRICARIA

Ginger, Jamaica Ginger, African Ginger, Calcutta Ginger ~ ZINGIBER

Ginseng ~ PANAX

Glucose, Liquid Glucose, Syrupy Glucose ~ GLUCOSUM

Glycerin, Glycerol ~ GLYCERINUM

Gold Thread, Mouth Root, Canker Root ~ COPTIS

Golden Seal, Yellow Root, Yellow Puccoon, Orange Root ~ HYDRASTIS

Golden Senecio, Life Root, Ragwort, Female Regulator ~ SENECIO

Grindelia, Gumweed ~ GRINDELIA

Guarana ~ GUARANA

Guaza, Ganjah, Gunjah, Ganga, Indian Hemp ~ CANNABIS

Hemlock, Hemlock Spruce ~ ABIES Tsuga canadensis

Hemlock, Poison Hemlock, Spotted Hemlock ~ CONIUM

Henbane ~ HYOSCYAMUS Hyoscyamus niger

Honey ~ MEL

Hops, Hop ~ HUMULUS

Horehound, Hoarhound ~ MARRUBIUM

Horse Chestnut ~ HIPPOCASTANUM Aesculus Hippocastanum

Horse-Nettle, Bull-Nettle, Sand Brier, Treadsoft ~ SOLANUM CAROLINENSE

Horsemint ~ MONARDA

Indian Turnip, Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Dragon Root ~ ARISAEMA TRIPHYLLUM

Ipecac, Rio Ipecac, Cartagena Ipecac ~ IPECACUANHA Cephaelis Ipecacuanha

Jaborandi, Pernambuco Jaborandi, Maranham Jaborandi ~ PILOCARPUS

Jalap ~ JALAPA Ipomoea jalapa

Jamaica Dogwood ~ PISCIDIA

Jamestown Weed, Jimson Weed, Thornapple ~ STRAMONIUM Datura spp.

Juniper, Juniper Berries ~ JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS

Kamala, Kameela, Spoonwood ~ KAMALA Mallotus philippiensis

Kava-Kava, Ava, Ava-Pepper Shrub, Intoxicating Long Pepper ~ PIPER METHYSTICUM

Kino, Gum Kino ~ KINO

Kola, Kola Nut, Female Kola, Cola, Bissy-Bissy ~ KOLA Cola spp.

Kousso, Kusso, Kooso ~ CUSSO

Ladies Slipper, Yellow Ladies Slipper, American Valerian ~ CYPRIPEDIUM

Large Flowering Spurge, Blooming Spurge, Milk Purslane, Snake Milk ~ EUPHORBIA COROLLATA

Large Spotted Spurge, Garden Spurge ~ EUPHORBIA HYPERICIFOLIA

Lavender, Lavender Flowers ~ LAVANDULA

Lemon ~ LIMON

Lettuce Opium ~ LACTUCARIUM

Licorice, Licorice Root ~ GLYCYRRHIZA

Lily of the Valley ~ CONVALLARIA

Liverleaf, Liverwort, American Liverleaf, Kidney Liverleaf ~ HEPATICA

Lobelia, Indian Tobacco, Wild Tobacco, Puke Weed ~ LOBELIA

Logwood ~ HAEMATOXYLON

Lungwort Lichen, Lung Moss, Oak Lungwort, Tree Lungwort ~ STICTA

Lupulin ~ LUPULINUM

Male Fern, Marginal Shield Fern ~ ASPIDIUM

Manaca, Vegetable Mercury ~ FRANCISCEA

Mango ~ MANGIFERA

Manna ~ MANNA

Marigold, Garden Marigold, Marygold ~ CALENDULA

Marshmallow ~ ALTHAEA OFFICINALIS

Matico, Matico Leaves ~ MATICO

May Apple, Mandrake, Lemon Apple, Wild Lemon, Raccoon Berry ~ PODOPHYLLUM

Menthol ~ MENTHOL

Mexican Sarsaparilla ~ SARSAPARILLA

Milkweed, Common Milkweed, Silkweed, Wild Cotton ~ ASCLEPIAS SYRIACA

Mistletoe, American Mistletoe ~ VISCUM

Motherwort ~ LEONURUS

Mountain Laurel, Laurel, Sheep Laurel, Lambkill ~ KALMIA

Mullein ~ VERBASCUM

Myrrh, Gum Myrrh ~ MYRRHA Commiphora spp.

Nettle, Stinging Nettle ~ URTICA

Night-blooming Cereus, Large-flowering Cactus, Sweet-scented Cactus ~ CACTUS Selenicereus spp.

Nutgall, Galls ~ GALLA

Nutmeg ~ MYRISTICA

Oak Bark, White Oak Bark ~ QUERCUS

Oat, Common Oat ~ AVENA SATIVA

Ohio Buckeye, Smooth Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye ~ AESCULUS GLABRA

Oil of Cade, Cade Oil, Juniper Tar Oil ~ OLEUM CADINUM

Oil of Cajuput, Oil of Cajeput ~ OLEUM CAJUPUTI

Oil of Chenopodium, Oil of American Wormseed ~ OLEUM CHENOPODII

Oil of Sandalwood, Oil of Santal, Oil of Santal Wood ~ OLEUM SANTALI

Oil of Turpentine Rectified, Rectified Turpentine Oil ~ OLEUM TEREBINTHINAE RECTIFICATUM

Oil of Turpentine, Spirit of Turpentine, Turpentine Oil ~ OLEUM TEREBINTHINAE

Olive Oil, Sweet Oil ~ OLEUM OLIVAE

Onion ~ ALLIUM CEPA

Opium ~ OPIUM

Oregon Grape, Mountain Grape ~ BERBERIS Mahonia AQUIFOLIUM

Ox-eye Daisy, Field Daisy ~ LEUCANTHEMUM

Oxgall, Oxbile ~ FEL BOVIS

Pareira-brava, Pareira Root ~ PAREIRA Chondodendron

Parsley Fruit, Parsley Seed, Parsley Root ~ PETROSELINUM

Partridgeberry, Squawberry, Squaw-vine, Checkerberry ~ MITCHELLA

Pasque-Flower, Passe-Flower, Meadow Anemone, Wind Flower ~ PULSATILLA

Passion Flower, May Pop ~ PASSIFLORA

Peach tree ~ AMYGDALUS PERSICA

Pennyroyal, American Pennyroyal, Squawmint, Tickweed ~ HEDEOMA

Pepper, Black Pepper ~ PIPER NIGRUM

Peppermint ~ MENTHA PIPERITA

Pheasant's Eye ~ ADONIS VERNALIS

Pichi ~ FABIANA Fabiana imbricata

Pinkroot, Maryland Pink, Carolina Pink, Worm-grass ~ SPIGELIA

Pill-bearing Spurge, Cat's Hair, Queensland Asthma Weed. ~ EUPHORBIA PILULIFERA

Pipsissewa, Prince's Pine, Ground Holly ~ CHIMAPHILA

Plantain, Rib Grass, Ribwort ~ PLANTAGO

Pleurisy Root, Butterfly Weed, Orange Swallow-wort ~ ASCLEPIAS TUBEROSA

Poison Nut, Dog Button, Quaker Buttons ~ NUX VOMICA

Poison Ivy, Poison Vine, Poison Oak ~ RHUS TOXICODENDRON

Poke, Poke-root, Poke Weed, Garget ~ PHYTOLACCA

Pomegranate, Pomegranate Root Bark ~ GRANATUM

Prickly Ash, Northern Prickly Ash, Southern Prickly Ash ~ XANTHOXYLUM

Privet, Privy, Prim ~ LIGUSTRUM

Pumpkin Seed ~ PEPO Cucurbita pepo

Quassia, Quassia Wood, Bitter Wood ~ QUASSIA

Quebracho ~ ASPIDOSPERMA

Queen of the Meadow, Gravel Weed, Gravel Root, Joe Pye Weed ~ EUPATORIUM PURPUREUM

Queen's Root, Queen's Delight, Silver Leaf, Yaw Root ~ STILLINGIA

Raspberry ~ RUBUS IDAEUS

Red Clover ~ TRIFOLIUM

Red Root, New Jersey Tea ~ CEANOTHUS

Resin of Guaiac, Guaiac ~ GUAIACUM

Rhatany, Ratanhia ~ KRAMERIA

Rhubarb, Rhubarb Root ~ RHEUM

Roman Chamomile, Chamomile, English Chamomile ~ ANTHEMIS NOBILIS

Rose Water ~ AQUA ROSAE

Rosin, Colophony ~ RESINA

Rue, Garden Rue ~ RUTA

Unicorn Root, Starwort, Drooping Starwort, Devil's Bit ~ HELONIAS

Uva Ursi, Bearberry, Upland Cranberry ~ UVA URSI

Uvedalia, Bear's Foot, Leaf Cup ~ POLYMNIA

Valerian, Great Wild Valerian ~ VALERIANA

Vanilla ~ VANILLA

Veratrine, Veratria ~ VERATRINA

Vervain, Common Vervain, Wild Hyssop, Simpler's joy ~ VERBENA

Virginia Snakeroot, Red River or Texas Snakeroot ~ SERPENTARIA Aristolochia serpentaria

Virginia Stone-crop, Ditch Stone-crop ~ PENTHORUM

Safflower, Dyer's Saffron, Bastard Saffron, American Saffron ~ CARTHAMUS

Saffron ~ CROCUS

Sacred Bark, Chittem Bark ~ CASCARA SAGRADA

Sage, Garden Sage ~ SALVIA

Sassafras ~ SASSAFRAS

Saw Palmetto ~ SERENOA

Scouring Rush, Horse Tail, Shave Grass ~ EQUISETUM

Scullcap, Skullcap, Madweed ~ SCUTELLARIA

Senega, Senega Snakeroot, Seneka Root, Seneca Snakeroot ~ SENEGA

Senna, Alexandria Senna, India or Tinnivelly Senna ~ SENNA

Shepherd's Purse, Shepherd's Sprout ~ CAPSELLA

Skunk Cabbage, Skunk Weed, Pole Cat Weed, Meadow Cabbage ~ DRACONTIUM Symplocarpus

Slippery Elm, Elm, Elm Bark ~ ULMUS

Smooth Sumach, Upland Sumach, Pennsylvania Sumach ~ RHUS GLABRA

Soap, Hard Soap, White Castile Soap ~ SAPO

Socotrine Aloes, Curaçoa Aloes, Cape Aloes ~ ALOE

Soft Soap, Green Soap ~ SAPO MOLLIS

Sourwood, Sourwood Tree, Sorrel Tree ~ OXYDENDRON

Spanish Fly, Synonym, Cantharides ~ CANTHARIS

Spearmint ~ MENTHA VIRIDIS

Spikenard, American Spikenard, Spignet, Pettymorrel ~ ARALIA RACEMOSA

Spiny Clot-Bur ~ XANTHIUM

Squill, Squills, Sea Onion ~ SCILLA

Squirting Cucumber, Wild Cucumber, Wild Balsam Apple ~ ELATERIUM

St. Ignatius Bean ~ IGNATIA

St. John's Wort ~ HYPERICUM

Stavesacre ~ STAPHISAGRIA

Stone-root, Rich-weed, Horse-balm ~ COLLINSONIA

Strophanthus ~ STROPHANTHUS

Sumbul, Musk-Root, Jatamansi ~ SUMBUL Ferula sumbul

Sundew, Round-leaved Sundew ~ DROSERA

Swamp Milkweed, Swamp Silkweed, White Indian Hemp, Rose-colored Silkweed ~ ASCLEPIAS INCARNATA

Sweet-flag ~ CALAMUS

Sweet Gum ~ LIQUIDAMBAR

Sweet Orange, Portugal Orange, China Orange ~ AURANTII DULCIS CORTEX

Tag Alder, Red Alder, Black Alder, Smooth Alder, Common Alder ~ ALNUS SERRULATA

Tansy ~ TANACETUM

Tar, Pine Tar ~ PIX LIQUIDA

Tiger Lily ~ LILIUM Lilium tigrinum

Trailing Arbutus, Gravel Weed, Gravel Plant, Ground Laurel, Mayflower ~ EPIGAEA

Turmeric, Curcuma ~ CURCUMA

Turkey Corn, Squirrel Corn, Wild Turkey Pea ~ CORYDALIS

Twinleaf, Rheumatism Root ~ JEFFERSONIA

Wafer Ash, Shrubby Trefoil, Wing Seed, Hop Tree ~ PTELEA

Wahoo, Indian Arrow-wood, Burning Bush, Spindle Tree ~ EUONYMUS

Water Hemlock, Water Lovage, Hemlock Dropwort, Dead Tongue ~ OENANTHE

Wheat Flour, Common Flour ~ FARINA TRITICI

White Agaric, Purging Agaric, Larch Agaric ~ BOLETUS

White Cohosh, White Baneberry, White Beads ~ ACTAEA ALBA

White Hellebore, White Veratrum ~ VERATRUM ALBUM

White Mustard, Yellow Mustard ~ SINAPIS ALBA

White Wax ~ CERA ALBA

Wild Cherry, Wild Black Cherry Bark ~ PRUNUS VIRGINIANA

Wild Ginger, Indian Ginger, Canada Snakeroot ~ ASARUM CANADENSE

Wild Hydrangea, Seven Barks ~ HYDRANGEA

Wild Indigo, Indigo Weed ~ BAPTISIA

Wild Yam, Colic Root ~ DIOSCOREA

Willow Herb, Great Willow Herb, Rose Bay, Wickup ~ EPILOBIUM

Wintergreen, Teaberry, Mountain Tea, Boxberry ~ GAULTHERIA

Witch-Hazel, Snapping Hazelnut, Winterbloom ~ HAMAMELIS

Wormwood ~ ABSINTHIUM Artemisia absinthium

Yellow Dock ~ RUMEX

Yarrow, Milfoil, Thousand Leaf ~ ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM

Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Carolina Jasmin ~ GELSEMIUM

Yellow Parilla, Canadian Moonseed ~ MENISPERMUM

Yellow Peruvian Bark, Red Cinchona Bark ~ CINCHONA

Yellow Sweet Clover, Yellow Melilot, Yellow Melilot Clover ~ MELILOTUS

Yellow Wax, Beeswax ~ CERA FLAVA

Yerba mansa, Yerba del mansa ~ ANEMOPSIS CALIFORNICA

Yerba reuma ~ FRANKENIA Frankenia salina

Yerba Santa, Mountain Balm ~ ERIODICTYON

 

 

 

 

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