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WILD FLOWERS WORTH KNOWING
 

ADAPTED BY

 

ASA DON DICKINSON

 

From Nature's Garden

 

BY NELTJE BLANCHAN

 

 

1917

 

 

 

Preface

Editor's Note

Flower Forms

Leaf and Root Forms

 

WATER-PLANTAIN FAMILY (Alismaceae)

  • Broad-leaved Arrow-head

ARUM FAMILY (Araceae)

  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit;

  • Skunk Cabbage

SPIDERWORT FAMILY (Commelinaceae)

  • Virginia or Common Day-flower

PICKEREL-WEED FAMILY (Pontederiaceae)

  • Pickerel Weed

LILY FAMILY (Liliaceae)

  • American White Hellebore;

  • Wild Yellow, Meadow,

  • Field or Canada Lily;

  • Red, Wood, Flame or Philadelphia Lily;

  • Yellow Adder's Tongue or Dog-tooth "Violet";

  • Yellow Clintonia;

  • Wild Spikenard or False Solomon's Seal;

  • Hairy, True or Twin-flowered Solomon's Seal;

  • Early or Dwarf Wake-Robin;

  • Purple Trillium;

  • Ill-scented Wake-Robin or Birth-root;

  • Carrion flower

AMARYLLIS FAMILY (Amaryllidaceae)

  • Yellow Star-grass

IRIS FAMILY (Iridaceae)

  • Larger Blue Flag, Blue Iris or Fleur-de-lis;

  • Blackberry Lily;

  • Pointed Blue-eyed Grass, Eye-bright or Blue Star

ORCHIS FAMILY (Orchidaceae)

  • Large Yellow Lady's Slipper, Whippoorwill's Shoe or Yellow Moccasin Flower;

  • Moccasin Flower or Pink, Venus' or Stemless Lady's Slipper;

  • Showy, Gay or Spring Orchis;

  • Large, Early or Purple-fringed Orchis;

  • White-fringed Orchis;

  • Yellow-fringed Orchis;

  • Calopagon or Grass Pink;

  • Arethusa or Indian Pink;

  • Nodding Ladies' Tresses

BUCKWHEAT FAMILY (Polygonaceae)

  • Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed or Jointweed or Smartweed

POKEWEED FAMILY (Phytolaccaceae)

  • Pokeweed, Scoke, Pigeon-berry, Ink-berry or Garget

PINK FAMILY (Caryophyllaceae)

  • Common Chickweed;

  • Corn Cockle, Corn Rose, Corn or Red Campion, or Crown-of-the-Field;

  • Starry Campion;

  • Wild Pink or Catchfly;

  • Soapwort, Bouncing Bet or Old Maid's Pink

PURSLANE FAMILY (Portulacaceae)

  • Spring Beauty or Claytonia

WATER-LILY FAMILY (Nymphaeaceae)

  • Large Yellow Pond or Water Lily, Cow Lily or Spatterdock;

  • Sweet-scented White Water or Pond Lily

CROWFOOT FAMILY (Ranunculaceae)

  • Common Meadow Buttercup, Tall Crowfoot or Cuckoo Flower;

  • Tall Meadow Rue; Liver-leaf, Hepatica, Liverwort or Squirrel Cup;

  • Wood Anemone or Wind Flower;

  • Virgin's Bower, Virginia Clematis or Old Man's Beard;

  • Marsh Marigold, Meadow-gowan or American Cowslip;

  • Gold-thread or Canker-root;

  • Wild Columbine;

  • Black Cohosh, Black Snakeroot or Tall Bugbane;

  • White Bane-berry or Cohosh

BARBERRY FAMILY (Berberidaceae)

  • May Apple, Hog Apple or Mandrake;

  • Barberry or Pepperidge-bush

POPPY FAMILY (Papaveraceae)

  • Bloodroot;

  • Greater Celandine or Swallow-wort

FUMITORY FAMILY (Fumariaceae)

  • Dutchman's Breeches;

  • Squirrel Corn

MUSTARD FAMILY (Cruciferae)

  • Shepherd's Purse;

  • Black Mustard

PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY (Sarraceniaceae)

  • Pitcher-plant, Side-saddle Flower or Indian Dipper

SUNDEW FAMILY (Dioseraceae)

  • Round-leaved Sundew or Dew-plant

SAXIFRAGE FAMILY (Saxifragaceae)

  • Early Saxifrage;

  • False Miterwort, Coolwort or Foam Flower;

  • Grass of Parnassus

WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY (Hamamelidaceae)

  • Witch-hazel

ROSE FAMILY (Rosaceae)

  • Hardhack or Steeple Bush;

  • Meadow-Sweet or Quaker Lady;

  • Common Hawthorn, White Thorn, Red Haw or Mayflower;

  • Five-finger or Common Cinquefoil;

  • High Bush Blackberry, or Bramble;

  • Purple-flowering or Virginia Raspberry;

  • Wild Roses

PULSE FAMILY (Leguminosae)

  • Wild or American Senna;

  • Wild Indigo, Yellow or Indigo Broom, or Horsefly-Weed;

  • Wild Lupine, Sun Dial or Wild Pea;

  • Common Red, Purple, Meadow or Honeysuckle Clover;

  • White Sweet, Bokhara or Tree Clover;

  • Blue, Tufted or Cow Vetch or Tare;

  • Ground-nut;

  • Wild or Hog Peanut

WOOD-SORREL FAMILY (Oxalidaceae)

  • White or True Wood-sorrel or Alleluia;

  • Violet Wood-sorrel

GERANIUM FAMILY (Geraniaceae)

  • Wild or Spotted Geranium or Crane's-Bill;

  • Herb Robert, Red Robin or Red Shanks

MILKWORT FAMILY (Polygalaceae)

  • Fringed Milkwort or Polygala or Flowering Wintergreen;

  • Common Field or Purple Milkwort

TOUCH-ME-NOT FAMILY (Balsaminaceae)

  • Jewel-weed, Spotted Touch-me-not or Snap Weed

BUCKTHORN FAMILY (Rhamnaceae)

  • New Jersey Tea

MALLOW FAMILY (Malvaceae)

  • Swamp Rose-mallow or Mallow Rose

ST. JOHN'S-WORT FAMILY (Hypericaceae)

  • Common St. John's-wort

ROCKROSE FAMILY (Cistaceae)

  • Long-branched Frost-weed or Canadian Rockrose

VIOLET FAMILY (Violaceae)

  • Blue and Purple Violets;

  • Yellow Violets;

  • White Violets

EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY (Onagraceae)

  • Great or Spiked Willow-herb or Fire-weed;

  • Evening Primrose or Night Willow-herb

GINSENG FAMILY (Araliaceae)

  • Spikenard or Indian Root

PARSLEY FAMILY (Umbelliferae)

  • Wild or Field Parsnip;

  • Wild Carrot or Queen Anne's Lace

DOGWOOD FAMILY (Cornaceae)

  • Flowering Dogwood

HEATH FAMILY (Ericaceae)

  • Pipsissewa or Prince's Pine;

  • Indian Pipe, Ice-plant, Ghost flower or Corpse-plant;

  • Pine Sap or False Beech-drops;

  • Wild Honeysuckle, Pink, Purple or Wild Azalea, or Pinxter-flower;

  • American or Great Rhododendron, Great Laurel, or Bay;

  • Mountain or American Laurel or Broad-leaved Kalmia;

  • Trailing Arbutus or Mayflower;

  • Creeping Wintergreen, Checker-berry or Partridge-berry

PRIMROSE FAMILY (Primulaceae)

  • Four-leaved or Whorled Loosestrife;

  • Star-flower;

  • Scarlet Pimpernel, Poor Man's Weatherglass or Shepherd's Clock;

  • Shooting Star or American Cowslip

GENTIAN FAMILY (Gentianaceae)

  • Bitter-bloom or Rose-Pink;

  • Fringed Gentian;

  • Closed or Blind Gentian

DOGBANE FAMILY (Apocynaceae)

  • Spreading or Fly-trap Dogbane

MILKWEED FAMILY (Asclepiadaceae)

  • Common Milkweed or Silkweed;

  • Butterfly-weed

CONVOLVULUS FAMILY (Convolvulaceae)

  • Hedge or Great Bindweed;

  • Gronovius' or Common Dodder or Strangle-weed

POLEMONIUM FAMILY (Polemoniaceae)

  • Ground or Moss Pink

BORAGE FAMILY (Boraginaceae)

  • Forget-me-not;

  • Viper's Bugloss or Snake-flower

VERVAIN FAMILY (Verbenaceae)

  • Blue Vervain, Wild Hyssop or Simpler's Joy

MINT FAMILY (Labiatae)

  • Mad-dog Skullcap or Madweed;

  • Self-heal, Heal-all, Blue Curls or Brunella;

  • Motherwort;

  • Oswego Tea, Bee Balm or Indian's Plume;

  • Wild Bergamot

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY (Solanaceae)

  • Nightshade, Blue Bindweed or Bittersweet;

  • Jamestown Weed, Thorn Apple or Jimson Weed

FIGWORT FAMILY (Scrophulariaceae)

  • Great Mullein, Velvet or Flannel Plant or Aaron's Rod;

  • Moth Mullein;

  • Butter-and-eggs or Yellow Toadflax;

  • Blue or Wild Toadflax or Blue Linaria;

  • Hairy Beard-tongue;

  • Snake-head, Turtle-head or Cod-head;

  • Monkey-flower;

  • Common Speedwell, Fluellin or Paul's Betony;

  • American Brooklime;

  • Culver's-root;

  • Downy False Foxglove;

  • Large Purple Gerardia;

  • Scarlet Painted Cup or Indian Paint-brush;

  • Wood Betony or Loosewort

BROOM-RAPE FAMILY (Orobanchaceae)

  • Beech-drops

MADDER FAMILY (Rubiaceae)

  • Partridge Vine or Squaw-berry;

  • Button-bush or Honey-balls;

  • Bluets, Innocence or Quaker Ladies

BLUEBELL FAMILY (Campanulaceae)

  • Harebell, Hairbell or Blue Bells of Scotland; Venus' Looking-glass

  • or Clasping Bellflower

LOBELIA FAMILY (Lobeliaceae)

  • Cardinal Flower;

  • Great Lobelia

COMPOSITE FAMILY (Compositae)

  • Iron-weed or Flat Top;

  • Joe Pye Weed, Trumpet Weed, or Tall or Purple Boneset or Thoroughwort;

  • Golden-rods;

  • Blue and Purple Asters or Starworts;

  • White Asters or Starworts;

  • Golden Aster;

  • Daisy Fleabane or Sweet Scabious;

  • Robin's or Robert's Plantain or Blue Spring Daisy;

  • Pearly or Large-flowered Everlasting or Immortelle, Elecampane

  • or Horseheal;

  • Black-eyed Susan or Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy;

  • Tall or Giant Sunflower;

  • Sneezeweed or Swamp Sunflower;

  • Yarrow or Milfoil;

  • Dog's or Fetid Camomile or Dog-fennel;

  • Common Daisy, Marguerite, or White Daisy;

  • Tansy or Bitter Buttons;

  • Thistles; Chicory or Succory;

  • Common Dandelion;

  • Tall or Wild Lettuce;

  • Orange or Tawny Hawkweed or Devil's Paint-brush

COLOR KEY

GENERAL INDEX OF NAMES